Running proxy separately from the hub#


The thing which users directly connect to is the proxy, which by default is configurable-http-proxy. The proxy either redirects users to the hub (for login and managing servers), or to their own single-user servers. Thus, as long as the proxy stays running, access to existing servers continues, even if the hub itself restarts or goes down.

When you first configure the hub, you may not even realize this because the proxy is automatically managed by the hub. This is great for getting started and even most use-cases, although, everytime you restart the hub, all user connections are also restarted. However, it is also simple to run the proxy as a service separate from the hub, so that you are free to reconfigure the hub while only interrupting users who are waiting for their notebook server to start. starting their notebook server.

The default JupyterHub proxy is configurable-http-proxy. If you are using a different proxy, such as Traefik, these instructions are probably not relevant to you.

Configuration options#

c.JupyterHub.cleanup_servers = False should be set, which tells the hub to not stop servers when the hub restarts (this is useful even if you don’t run the proxy separately).

c.ConfigurableHTTPProxy.should_start = False should be set, which tells the hub that the proxy should not be started (because you start it yourself).

c.ConfigurableHTTPProxy.auth_token = "CONFIGPROXY_AUTH_TOKEN" should be set to a token for authenticating communication with the proxy.

c.ConfigurableHTTPProxy.api_url = 'http://localhost:8001' should be set to the URL which the hub uses to connect to the proxy’s API.

Proxy configuration#

You need to configure a service to start the proxy. An example command line argument for this is:

$ configurable-http-proxy --ip= --port=8000 --api-ip= --api-port=8001 --default-target=http://localhost:8081 --error-target=http://localhost:8081/hub/error

(Details on how to do this is out of the scope of this tutorial. For example, it might be a systemd service configured within another docker container). The proxy has no configuration files, all configuration is via the command line and environment variables.

--api-ip and --api-port (which tells the proxy where to listen) should match the hub’s ConfigurableHTTPProxy.api_url.

--ip, -port, and other options configure the user connections to the proxy.

--default-target and --error-target should point to the hub, and used when users navigate to the proxy originally.

You must define the environment variable CONFIGPROXY_AUTH_TOKEN to match the token given to c.ConfigurableHTTPProxy.auth_token.

You should check the configurable-http-proxy options to see what other options are needed, for example, SSL options. Note that these options are configured in the hub if the hub is starting the proxy, so you need to configure the options there.

Docker image#

You can use jupyterhub configurable-http-proxy docker image to run the proxy.

See also#